Understanding Hashimoto's Encephalopathy 2016 Edition:
An Expanded and Updated Guide For Patients, Families, and Caregivers
– Now Available on Amazon
Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, and Instagram!
#HEAwareness
"I believe you." 

Risk Factors

The specific risk factors are unknown.

Studies include both men and women, children and older adults, and can affect people from any ethnicity. There does not appear to be a strong indication that HE/SREAT affects any particular ethnic group or age group.

However, females do stand out as the group most likely to be stricken with HE/SREAT1 (as well as other autoimmune conditions). According to the study, “Gender differences in autoimmune disease“, the study states, “Gender differences that exist in autoimmunity follow a female bias.2

There have also been a handful of studies describing the presentation of HE/SREAT in patients with Down Syndrome.3 This is not to suggest that individuals with Down Syndrome may have a higher likelihood of developing HE/SREAT, however, a sudden or acute onset of psychiatric symptoms such as hallucinations in the presence of elevated anti-thyroid titers may warrant increased suspicion.

 

1 “Hashimoto encephalopathy: A study of the clinical profile, radiological and electrophysiological correlation in a Tertiary Care Center in South India”
S.T. Ngo, F.J. Steyn, P.A. McCombe
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4481781/

2 “Gender differences in autoimmune disease”
S.T. Ngo, F.J. Steyn, P.A. McCombe
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091302214000466

3 “Hashimoto Encephalopathy and Down Syndrome”
Amy Brodtmann, MD, PhD
Arch Neurol.
2009 May, Vol.66, No.5, pg 663-666.
DOI: 10.1001/archneurol.2009.45.

 

Last edited by Web Team on June 20th, 2016

Giving Assistant

Donate to HESA via Giving Assistant when you shop online.

 

Find Our Page On The Mighty

More than half of Americans are facing serious health conditions or medical issues. They want more than information. They want to be inspired. The Mighty publishes real stories about real people facing real challenges.

 

AE Alliance
"The Autoimmune Encephalitis Alliance promotes collaboration to improve care, find a cure and create community so that no one faces autoimmune encephalitis alone.


The Encephalitis Society
"The Encephalitis Society is an International organization providing information and support for all causes of Encephalitis."


Encephalitis Global
"Encephalitis Global is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) non-profit organization formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world."


Mark2Cure
Scientific literature is growing at a rate of more than 2 new articles every single minute. It is impossible for scientists to consume and understand the rapidly expanding ocean of biomedical literature. You can help biomedical researchers find the information they need to discover cures faster.


RareConnect.org
"Connecting Rare Disease Patients Globally"


RareDisesases.org
"Alone we are rare. Together we are strong.®"


Contact a Family
"For families with disabled children."


Madison's Foundation Provides information about rare diseases and connects parents whose children have the same rare disease.


NIH Health Hotline
Toll-free numbers from the National Library of Medicine's Health Hotlines Database.


HE Notebook - Wordpress Site
A great blog of an HE patient with a trove of information, personal stories, and links to medical studies.