Visit our new website

Understanding Hashimoto's Encephalopathy 2016 Edition:
An Expanded and Updated Guide For Patients, Families, and Caregivers
– Now Available on Amazon
Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, and Instagram!

Pediatric Studies, I

Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: A rare proteiform disorder
Montagna, et al.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Year  
Available online February 3rd 2016


The growing spectrum of antibody-associated inflammatory brain diseases in children
Sandra Bigi, MD, MSc, Manisha Hladio, BSc, MSc, Marinka Twilt, MD, MSc, PhD, Josep Dalmau, MD, PhD and Susanne M. Benseler, MD, MSc, PhD
Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm
June 2015, Vol. 2, No. 3, pg e92
DOI: 10.1212/NXI.0000000000000092

Full Text:

P58 – 2384: Neuropsychological outcomes at disease onset and one year follow-up in a case series of children with autoimmune encephalopathies
J. Pownall, et al. 
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology
May 22nd, 2015, Vol. 19, Sup. 1, pg S110


P69 – 3061: Hashimoto’s encephalopathy – Presentation as recurrent acute encephalopathy in a child
S. Quintas, V. Mendonçaa, T. Proença Santosb, F. Abecasisc, P. Oomb, A. Levy Gomes
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology
May 22nd, 2015, Vol. 19, Sup. 1


Immune-Mediated Pediatric Epilepsies. 
Christian G Bien and Angela Vincent. Handbook of Clinical Neurology
2013 May; 111: 521-531. 
doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52891-9.00055-5


Paediatric autoimmune encephalopathies: clinical features, laboratory investigations and outcomes in patients with or without antibodies to known central nervous system autoantigens
Hacohen, et. al
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
November 22nd, 2012

Full Text:

Autoimmune encephalitis in children.
T Armangue, M Petit-Pedrol, J Dalmau
J Child Neurol
November 27th, 2012
DOI: 10.1177/0883073812448838


Clinical Manifestations and Treatment Response of Steroid in Pediatric Hashimoto Encephalopathy. 
Hee Joon Yu, Jeehun Lee, Dae Won Seo, and Munhyang Lee.
Journal of Child Neurology
2013 Sep 20. [Epub ahead of print]
doi: 10.1177/0883073813499823

Undetected Hashimoto encephalopathy–a diagnostic challenge in child psychiatry and child neurology.
R Voll
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psych
January 2010
DOI: 10.1024/1422-4917.a000003


Hashimoto encephalopathy and peripheral neuropathy in an Italian adolescent
Salpietro, et al.
The Child Journal of Pediatrics
June 2012, Vol. 1, No. 2

Link no longer available. 

Central nervous system vasculitis with positive antithyroid antibodies in an adolescent boy.
Tsai SL, Lewis EC, Sell E, Whiting S.
Pediatr Neurol
September 2011, Vol. 45, No. 3
DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2011.04.012


A Methodology for Assessing Treatment Response in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: A Case Study Demonstrating Repeated Computerized Neuropsychological Testing 
Brian L. Brooks, PhD, Karen M. Barlow, MB, ChB, MRCPCH 
Journal of Child Neurology 
June 2011, Vol. 26, No. 6, pg 786-791

Hashimoto encephalopathy in a preschool girl. 
M. Castro-Gago, C. Gómez-Lado, M. Maneiro-Freire, J. Eirís-Puñal, M. Bravo-Mata 
Pediatr Neurol. 
February 2010, Vol.42, No. 2, pg 143-146.

Undetected Hashimoto encephalopathy–a diagnostic challenge in child psychiatry and child neurology. [German]
R Voll Z 
Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 
Janiuary 2010, Vol.38, No.1, pg 21-27. 

Endocrine disorders and the neurologic manifestations
Jeesuk Yu, MD, PhD
Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
December 31, 2014, Vol. 19, No. 4, pg 184 – 190
Full Text:

Thyroid-Related Neurological Disorders and Complications in Children
Debika Nandi-Munshi, MD, Craig E. Taplin, MD
Pediatric Neurology
December 31, 2014, Vol. 52, No. 4, pg 373 – 382


Tic disorder probably associated with steroid responsive encephalopathy with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT).
Saygi S, Ozkale Y, Erol I
Indian Journal of Pediatrics
October 8, 2014, Vol. 81, No. 10, pg 1105 – 1107
DOI: 10.1007/s12098-014-1374-y


Steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) in childhood
Saroj Kumar Patnaik, Vimal Upreti, Pawan Dhull
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
March 6th, 2014, Vol. 27, No. 7-8, pg 737 – 477
DOI: 10.1515/jpem-2013-0435

Last updated by Web Team on March 5th, 2016

Giving Assistant

Donate to HESA via Giving Assistant when you shop online.


Find Our Page On The Mighty

More than half of Americans are facing serious health conditions or medical issues. They want more than information. They want to be inspired. The Mighty publishes real stories about real people facing real challenges.


AE Alliance
"The Autoimmune Encephalitis Alliance promotes collaboration to improve care, find a cure and create community so that no one faces autoimmune encephalitis alone.

The Encephalitis Society
"The Encephalitis Society is an International organization providing information and support for all causes of Encephalitis."

Encephalitis Global
"Encephalitis Global is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) non-profit organization formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world."

Scientific literature is growing at a rate of more than 2 new articles every single minute. It is impossible for scientists to consume and understand the rapidly expanding ocean of biomedical literature. You can help biomedical researchers find the information they need to discover cures faster.
"Connecting Rare Disease Patients Globally"
"Alone we are rare. Together we are strong.®"

Contact a Family
"For families with disabled children."

Madison's Foundation Provides information about rare diseases and connects parents whose children have the same rare disease.

NIH Health Hotline
Toll-free numbers from the National Library of Medicine's Health Hotlines Database.

HE Notebook - Wordpress Site
A great blog of an HE patient with a trove of information, personal stories, and links to medical studies.