Scientific Research/Articles

Articles Published in 2014

An unusual presentation of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy

Philip Rajeev, Saran Sanjay, Gutch Manish, Gupta Keshavkumar

Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Year : 2014 | Volume:  18 | Issue Number:  1 | Page: 113-115

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Unconsciousness at Emergency as a Manifestation of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy

Li Z, Jinbo H, Nian Y, Haihui X, Jiangbo W, et al. (2014).

Bioenergetics 3:112. doi: 10.4172/2167-7662.1000112

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Complicated by Cerebellar Ataxia: A Case Report

Michael Hossack and Perry Richardson

Neurology April 8, 2014 vol. 82 no. 10 Supplement P6.023



Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: four cases and review of literature

Gülen Gul Mert, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, M. Ozlem Herguner, Faruk Incecik, R. Dincer Yildizdas, Neslihan Onenli Mungan, Bilgin Yuksel, Sakir Altunbasak

Int’l Journal of Neuroscience. April 2014, Vol. 124, No. 4 , Pages 302-306 (doi:10.3109/00207454.2013.836706)



Anti-NMDAR encephalitis misdiagnosed as Hashimoto’s encephalopathy

Mirabelli-Badenier M., Biancheri R., Fornarino S., Celle ME., Veneselli E., Mancardi MM., Morana G., Siri L., Gaggero R., Vincent A.

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology (01/2014). Vol 18: pp.72-74



Hashimoto encephalopathy associated with hyperthyroidism: A case report.

Huang X, Yu Y, Zhang H, Liu J, Sun Y, Chang M, Cui C.

Exp Ther Med. 2014 Aug;8(2):515-518. Epub 2014 Jun 5.4

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Steroid-Responsive Epilepsia Partialis Continua with Anti-Thyroid Antibodies: A Spectrum of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy?

Masuda H, Mori M, Ito S, Yagishita T, Kuwabara S.

Case Rep Neurol. 2014 May 17;6(2):166-70. doi: 10.1159/000363178. eCollection 2014 May.

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Hashimoto’s encephalopathy mimicking presenile dementia

Kah Kheng Goh, M.D., Yi-Hang Chiu, address, Winston W. Shen, M.D.

General Hospital Psychiatry. Volume 36, Issue 3 , Pages 360.e9-360.e11, May 2014



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: Case Report and Literature Review.

Guardia CF, Bernat JL

(2014) SOJ Neurol 1(1), 2.

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Pediatric Hashimoto’s encephalopathy with peripheral nervous system involvement.

Salpietro, V., Mankad, K., Polizzi, A., Sugawara, Y., Granata, F., David, E., Ferraù, V., Gallizzi, R., Tortorella, G. and Ruggieri, M.

Pediatr Int. 2014 Jun;56(3):413-6. doi: 10.1111/ped.12262



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: A Brief Review

Howard S. Kirshner

Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports. July 2014, 14:476



A follow-up F-FDG brain PET study in a case of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy causing drug-resistant status epilepticus treated with plasmapheresis.

Pari E, Rinaldi F, Premi E, Codella M, Rao R, Paghera B, Panarotto MB, De Maria G, Padovani A.

J Neurol. 2014 Apr;261(4):663-7. doi: 10.1007/s00415-013-7228-0. Epub 2014 Jan 5.



 Articles Published in 2013

Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Presenting Periodic Synchronous Discharge, as a Differential Diagnosis for Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.

T Muramatsu, T Hamano, N Shirafuji, A Matsunaga, M Ikawa, and M Yoneda.

Clinical Neurology, 2013 Oct 4; 53 (9): 716-720.

doi: 10.5692/clinicalneurol.53.716



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: four cases and review of literature.

Gülen Gul Mert, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, M. Ozlem Herguner, Faruk Incecik, R. Dincer Yildizdas, Neslihan Onenli Mungan, Bilgin Yuksel, and Sakir Altunbasak.

International Journal of Neuroscience, 2013 Oct 2.

doi: 10.3109/00207454.2013.836706



Clinical and Neuropathological Findings in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: a case report.

Daniele Imperiale, Carmelo Labate, Roberto Testi, Alessandra Romito, and Stefano Taraglio.

Neurological Sciences, 2013 Sep 24. [Epub ahead of print]

doi: 10.1007/s10072-013-1554-y



Clinical Manifestations and Treatment Response of Steroid in Pediatric Hashimoto Encephalopathy.

Hee Joon Yu, Jeehun Lee, Dae Won Seo, and Munhyang Lee.

Journal of Child Neurology, 2013 Sep 20. [Epub ahead of print]

doi: 10.1177/0883073813499823



Subacute Cognitive Deterioration with High Serum Anti-Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies: two cases and a plea for pragmatism.

Kurt Segers Philippe Braconnier, Francis Corazza, Luisa Divano, Asmaa Mabrouk, Jean Robberecht, and Murielle Surquin.

Psychogeriatrics, 2013 Sep 17; 13 (3): 175-179.

doi: 10.1111/psyg.12018



A Case of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Misdiagnosed as Viral Encephalitis.

Lei He, Mei Li, Xiao-Hong Long, Xiang-Pen Li, and Ying Peng.

American Journal of Case Reports, 2013 Sep 13; 14: 366-369.

doi: 10.12659/AJCR.889312

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Anti-NMDAR Encephalitis Misdiagnosed as Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

M Mirabelli-Badenier, R Biancheri, G Morana, S Fornarino, L Siri, ME Celle, E Veneselli, A Vincent, R Gaggero, and MM Mancardi.

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 2013 Aug 19. [Epub ahead of print]

doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2013.07.002



Diagnostic and Therapeutic Aspects of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

Inan Olmez, Harold Moses, Subramaniam Sriram, Howard Kirshner, Andre H Lagrange, and Siddharama Pawate.

Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 2013 Aug 15; 331 (1-2): 67-71. [Epub 2013 Jun 5]

doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2013.05.009



Immune Dysregulation and Autoimmunity in Bipolar Disorder: synthesis of the evidence and its clinical application.

Sanil Rege and Suzanne J Hodgkinson.

Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2013 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print]

doi: 10.1177/0004867413499077


Adult-Onset Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Cognitive Decline, Multi-Antiepileptic Drug Hypersensitivity, and Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: two case studies.

Ofer Sadan, Estelle Seyman, Elissa L Ash, Svetlana Kipervasser, and Miri Y Neufeld.

Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports, 2013 Aug; 1: 132-135.

doi: 10.1016/j.ebcr.2013.07.004

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Recurrent Status Epilepticus Associated with Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

H Visée, C Mabiglia, V Vanderaspoilden, MD Gazagnes, and G Glibert.

Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports, 2013 Aug; 1: 113-117.

doi: 10.1016/j.ebcr.2013.06.003

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Spectroscopic Correlation and Role of Azathioprine in Long-Term Remission in Patients of Hashimoto Encephalopathy.

Harpreet Singh, Sucharita Ray, Shalini Agarwal, Raj Pal Verma, Paulomi Talapatra, and Vikas Gupta.

Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 2013 Jul; 16 (3): 443-446.

doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.116936

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Paediatric Autoimmune Encephalopathies: clinical features, laboratory investigations and outcomes in patients with or without antibodies to known central nervous system autoantigens.

Yael Hacohen, Sukhvir Wright, Patrick Waters, Shakti Agrawal, Lucinda Carr, Helen Cross, Carlos De Sousa, Catherine DeVile, Penny Fallon, Rajat Gupta, Tammy Hedderly, Elaine Hughes, Tim Kerr, Karine Lascelles, Jean-Pierre Lin, Sunny Philip, Keith Pohl, Prab Prabahkar, Martin Smith, Ruth Williams, Antonia Clarke, Cheryl Hemingway, Evangeline Wassmer, Angela Vincent, and Ming J Lim.

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 2013 Jul; 84 (7): 748-755. [Epub 2012 Nov 22]


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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Masquerading as Chronic Meningitis – case of a middle-aged female with review of literature.

Akhila Kumar Panda, Gopinath G, Siddharth Maheswari, Vachan  Jayant Mehta, and Lomesh Bhirud.

Indian Journal of Medical Specialities, 2013 Jun 2.

doi: 10.7713/ijms.2013.0021

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The Biomarker and Treatment in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

T Kishitani, A Matsunaga, and M Yoneda.

Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2013 Jun; 71 (5): 893-897.


Improvement of Cerebral Hypoperfusion with Levothyroxine Therapy in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Demonstrated by 99mTc-HMPAO-SPECT.

WJ Schnedl, S Mirzaei, SJ Wallner-Liebmann, E Tafeit, H Mangge, R Krause, and RW Lipp.

European Thyroid Journal, 2013 Jun; 2: 116-119.

doi: 10.1159/000348523



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy in the Intensive Care Unit.

B Chaigne, E Mercier, D Garot, A Legras, PF Dequin, and D Perrotin.

Neurocritical Care, 2013 Jun; 18 (3): 386-390.

doi:  10.1007/s12028-013-9834-1



Steroid-Responsive Thalamic Lesions Accompanying Microbleeds in a Case of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy with Autoantibodies Against α-enolase.

Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Manabu Wada, Haruko Tanji, Katsuro Kurokawa, Toru Kawanami, Kazuyo Tanji, Makoto Yoneda, and Takeo Kato.

Internal Medicine, 2013 Jun; 52 (11): 1249-1253.

doi:  10.2169/internalmedicine.52.9373

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A Patient with Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Presenting with Convulsive Seizure Alone as the Initial Symptom.

Atsushi Mizuma, Yoshiaki Goto, Wacoh Takahashi, Shunya Takizawa, and Shigeharu Takagi.

Clinical Medicine Insights: Case Reports, 2013 May 5; 6: 75-77.

doi: 10.4137/CCRep.S10390

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

Neelkanth Bapat, Vinayak Hingane, and Pavan Hanchnale.

Journal, Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine, 2013 May; 14 (1): 71-72.

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Immune-Mediated Pediatric Epilepsies.

Christian G Bien and Angela Vincent.

Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 2013 May; 111: 521-531.

doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52891-9.00055-5



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Presenting With Altered Mental Status and Myoclonus and Co-Occurring With Psoriasis.

Arshi Naz, Muhammad M Sheikh, and Mayada Issa.

Journal of Medical Cases, 2013 May; 4 (5): 300-303.

doi: 10.4021/jmc1144w

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: identification and long-term outcome in children.

Nafissa Mamoudjy, Christian Korff, Hélène Maurey, Gaëlle Blanchard, Dominique Steshenko, Marie-Noëlle Loiseau-Corvez, Béatrice Husson, Raja Brauner, Marc Tardieu, and Kumaran Deiva.

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 2013 May; 17 (3): 280-287.

doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2012.11.003



Thyroid Autoantibodies in Pregnancy: their role, regulation and clinical relevance.

Francis S Balucan, Syed A Morshed, and Terry F Davies.

Journal of Thyroid Research, 2013 Apr 18; 2013: 182472.

doi: 10.1155/2013/182472

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(Note: the article above does not specifically deal with HE.  However, it describes the effects of thyroid antibodies on pregnancy, making it highly relevant to HE patients who are or wish to become pregnant.)

Autoimmune Epilepsy as Drug-Resistant Epilepsy.

M Zare.

Iranian Journal of Neurology, 2013 Apr; 12 (1): 43.


Brain Hypoperfusion on Tc-99m-Ethylene Dicysteine Diethyl Ester Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy.

María Luz Domínguez Grande, Ana Constantino, Juan Ignacio Rayo, Justo Serrano, Jose Rafael Infante, Lucia Garcia, and Carmen Duran.

Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 2013 Apr; 28 (2): 102–104.

doi: 10.4103/0972-3919.118231

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy and Autoantibodies.

M Yoneda.

Brain and Nerve, 2013 Apr; 65 (4): 365-376.



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: a rare cause of status epilepticus.

A Doe De Maindreville, C Gombert, A Thiriaux, M Chaunu, and S Bakchine.

Revue Neurologique, 2013 Apr; 169 (4): 345-349. [Epub 2013 Feb 26]

doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2012.10.014



Serial Changes in Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Images with Hypoperfusion on Brain SPECT in a Case of Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: understanding pathophysiology of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy.

Sung Jae Kim, Eun Hwan Jeung, Mi Kyung Park, Sunseob Choi, and Kyung Won Park.

Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders, 2013 Mar 31; 12 (1): 29-32.

doi: 10.12779/dnd.2013.12.1.29

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Presenting as Acute Cognitive Decline in an Elderly Male.

Madan Raj Aryal, Smith Giri, Naba Raj Mainali, and Karen Smith.

World Journal of Neurology, 2013 Mar 28; 3 (1): 1-3.

doi: 10.5316/wjn.v3.i1.1

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Limbic Encephalitis Associated With Elevated Antithyroid Antibodies.

Yael Hacohen, Sonia Joseph, Rachel Kneen, Paul Eunson, Jean-Pierre Lin, Angela Vincent, and Ming Lim.

Journal of Child Neurology, 2013 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]

doi: 10.1177/0883073813480392



Epilepsy Associated with Systemic Autoimmune Disorders.

Orrin Devinsky, Adam Schein, and Souhel Najjar.

Epilepsy Currents, 2013 Mar; 13 (2): 62-68.

doi: 10.5698/1535-7597-13.2.62

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Acute Psychiatric Presentation of Steroid-Responsive Encephalopathy: the under recognized side of autoimmune thyroiditis.

Cristiano Carlone, Liliana Todini, Isabella Marini, Michele Majorana, Sara Casciato, Anna Teresa Giallonardo, Mauro Pallagrosi, Massimo Salviati, and Massimo Biondi.

Rivista di Psichiatria, 2013 Mar; 48 (2): 169-173.

doi: 10.1708/1272.14042

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy with Hippocampus Involvement Detected on Continuous Arterial Spin Labeling.

Makoto Ishitobi, Makoto Yoneda, Masamichi Ikawa, Akiko Matsunaga, Kanji Ueno, Hirohiko Kimura, and Yuji Wada.

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2013 Feb 25; 67 (2): 128-129.
doi: 10.1111/pcn.12019



Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Associated with Anti-NAE Autoantibodies: analysis of 101 patients.

Akiko Matsunaga, Toru Kishitani, Tomoko Muramatsu, Tomomi Kame, Masamichi Ikawa, Yasunari Nakamoto, and Makoto Yoneda.

Neurology, 2013 Feb 12; 80 (Meeting Abstracts 1): S29.002.



Cognitive Impairments in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: a case-control study.

Jianhong Wang, Jun Zhang, Lan Xu, Yunbo Shi, Xunyi Wu, and Qihao Guo.

PLOS ONE, 2013 Feb 8; 8 (2): e55758.


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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy as a Treatable Adult-Onset Cerebellar Ataxia Mimicking Spinocerebellar Degeneration.

A Matsunaga, M Ikawa, A Fujii, Y Nakamoto, M Kuriyama, and M Yoneda.

European Neurology, 2013 Feb; 69 (1): 14-20.

doi: 10.1159/000342217



A Diagnosis Sometimes Overlooked?

Louis Björkman and Dan Gustafsson.

Acta Pædiatrica, 2013 Jan; 102 (1): 92. [Epub 2012 Dec 11]

doi: 10.1111/apa.12042

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Hashimoto Encephalopathy Presenting as Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy Syndrome.

Ravindra Arya, Vidhu Anand, and Maya Chansoria.

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 2013 Jan; 17 (1): 102-104. [Epub 2012 Jul 25]

doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2012.07.001

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Articles on Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Published in 2012

Paediatric autoimmune encephalopathies: clinical features,  laboratory investigations and outcomes in patients with or without antibodies to known central nervous system autoantigens

Yael Hacohen, Sukhvir Wright, Patrick Waters, Shakti Agrawal, Lucinda Carr, Helen Cross, Carlos De Sousa, Catherine DeVile, Penny Fallon, Rajat Gupta, Tammy Hedderly, Elaine Hughes, Tim Kerr, Karine Lascelles, Jean-Pierre Lin, Sunny Philip, Keith Pohl, Prab Prabahkar, Martin Smith, Ruth Williams, Antonia Clarke, Cheryl Hemingway, Evangeline Wassmer, Angela Vincent, Ming J Lim

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2012 Nov 22.

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Autoimmune encephalitis in children. 

J Child Neurol. 2012 Nov;27(11):1460-9. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

T Armangue, M Petit-Pedrol, J Dalmau


Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy as the cause of deteriorating consciousness during treatment of Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis from breast cancer

J Clin Oncol. 2012 Oct 8. [Epub ahead of print]

YH Liang, PF Wu, CH Lin, YS Lu

Extract (first page):

Anti-thyroid antibodies in two patients with subacute dementia, ataxia, and myoclonus

Daniel Kondziella, Klaus Hansen, Teresa Gonzalez, Peter Gideon, Ingelise Christiansen & Finn Sellebjerg

Ugeskr Læger 2012;174(9):577-579 (original in Danish; English translation available online)


A selective memory deficit caused by autoimmune encephalopathy associated with hashimoto thyroiditis.

C Koros, A Economou, G Mastorakos, A Bonakis, N Kalfakis, SG Papageorgiou

Cogn Behav Neurol. 2012 Sep;25(3):144-8.


Hashimoto’s encephalopathy presenting with multiple cranial nerve palsies and hemiparesis: A case report.

Saha S, Gupta RD, Mukherjee A, Singha A, Das D, Roy MK.

International Journal of Case Reports and Images 2012;3(5):31–35

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Opsoclonus as a manifestation of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy.

R Salazar, C Mehta, N Zaher, D Miller D.

J Clin Neurosci. 2012 Aug 10. [Epub ahead of print]


A patient with steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis.

BK Tsang, N Crump, AJ Hughes

J Clin Neurosci 2012 Aug 9.


Hashimoto’s encephalopathy

B B Chaigne, E E Beaufils, Y Y Jouan, J J Magnant, F F Maillot, T T Constans, C C Hommet and K K Mondon

Rev Med Interne 2012 Jul;33(7):390-5


Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with hashimoto thyroiditis.

Pediatric Radiol.  July 2012  – Volume  42, Issue 7, pp. 891-3.

P. Zimmermann, E. Stranzinger


Hashimoto encephalopathy presenting as progressive myoclonus epilepsy syndrome

R Arya, V Anand, M Chansoria.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2012 Jul 25. [Epub ahead of print]


Hashimoto’s encephalopathy cases: Chinese experience

Yi Tang, Yi Xing, Michael T Lin, Jin Zhang and Jianping Jia

BMC Neurology 24 July 2012, 12:60


Full Text  (“provisional pdf” as of 8/27/12):


Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: neuropsychological findings.

I. Mazzù, S Mosti, C Caltagirone, GA Carlesimo

Neurol Sci. 2012 Jun;33(3):653-6.



Rituximab therapy in a patient with recurrent Hashimoto’s encephalitis, anti-GAD antibodies and progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus

22nd Meeting of the European Neurological Society, Presentation on June 10, 2012 – Movement Disorders

D. Kassar, S. Damodaram, P. Chand, S. Iyadurai


Hashimoto encephalopathy and peripheral neuropathy in an Italian adolescent

V Salpietro, V Granata, A Polizzi, K Mankad, S Briuglia, R Gallizzi, G Tortorella, M Ruggieri

The Child Journal of Pediatrics, Vol 1, No. 2, June 2012: 9

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Pearls & Oy-sters: Hashimoto encephalopathy

Mitra Afshari, MD, MPH, Zahra S. Afshari, MD and Stephan U. Schuele, MD, MPH

Neurology May 29, 2012 vol. 78 no. 22 e134-e137

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Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis presenting as confusion, dysphasia, and myoclonus

S. A. Ryan, C. Kennedy, and H. J. Harrington

Case Reports in Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corp.): Volume 2012

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Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy

Gouranga Santra, Dibyendu De, Sibaji Phaujdar, Aniruddha Rudra, Partha Sarathi Dutta

Journal of the Association of Physicians of India – May 2012 – Vol. 60 – pp. 48-50

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Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with Graves’ disease

R. Dobrescu, D. Morosanu, S. Jercalau, C. Tiu & C. Badiu

European Society of Endocrinology, Endocrine Abstracts 2012 (May 2012), 29 P1708


Hashimoto Encephalopathy: A Rare Intricate Syndrome

J. Payer, T. Petrovic, L. Lisy, P. Langer

International Journal of Endocrinol Metab. April 2012 – Volume 10, Issue 2 – pp.506-14.

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Hashimoto’s encephalopathy presenting with micrographia as a typical feature of parkinsonism.

K K Inoue, J J Kitamura, M M Yoneda, E E Imamura and H H Tokinobu

Neurol Sci. 2012 Apr;33(2):395-7


Autoimmune encephalopathy associated with thyroid autoantibodies as the cause of reversible cognitive impairment

N Maroz, B Nechama, and RD Chow

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives 2012, Vol 2, 11453 (April 2012)

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Immunopathology of autoantibody-associated encephalitides: clues for pathogenesis

Christian G. Bien, Angela Vincent, Michael H. Barnett, Albert J. Becker, Ingmar Blümcke, Francesc Graus, Kurt A. Jellinger, David E. Reuss, Teresa Ribalta, Jürgen Schlegel, Ian Sutton, Hans Lassmann and Jan Bauer

Oxford Journal: Brain, April 25, 2012 doi:10.1093/brain/aws082

Full text (free text of preliminary version – fee to obtain final article text) :

A case of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy presenting with seizures and psychosis.

Korean Journal of Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;55(3):111-3.

Lee MJ, Lee HS, Hwang JS, Jung DE.

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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia as the initial symptom of Hashimoto encephalopathy.

Ming-Yuan MY Liu, She-Qing SQ Zhang, Yong Y Hao and Hui-Min HM Zheng

CNS Neurosci Ther. 2012 Mar;18(3):271-3

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Steroid-responsive encephalopathy subsequently associated with Alzheimer’s disease pathology: a case series

Farrah J. Mateen, Keith A. Josephs, Joseph E. Parisi, Daniel A. Drubach, Richard J. Caselli, Kejal Kantarci, Clifford Jack & Bradley F. Boeve

Neurocase – 2012 -Volume 18, Issue 1, pp. 1-12


Hashimoto encephalopathy causing drug-resistant status epilepticus treated with plasmapheresis.

Pediatr Neurol. 2012 Feb;46(2):132-5.

O Bektas, A Yılmaz, T Kendirli, Z Sıklar, G Deda



Articles on Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Published in 2011

Hashimoto’s encephalopathy in children and adolescents.

I. Erol, S. Saygi, F. Alehan

Pediatr Neurol. 2011 Dec;45(6):420-2.


Recurrent partial seizures with ictal yawning as atypical presentation of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis)

S. Casciatoa, C. Di Bonaventuraa, L. Lapentaa, J. Fattoucha, G. Ferrazzanoa, M. Fanellaa, F. Di Fabiob, M. Pasquinib, M.A. Amendoleac, M. Manfredia, d, M. Prencipea, A.T. Giallonardoa

Epilepsy & Behavior – December 2011 – Volume 22, Issue 4, pp.799–803


Encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (Hashimoto’s thyroiditis) presenting as depression: a case report.

CY Liu, MC Tseng, PH Lin

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Nov-Dec;33(6):641.e7-9


Infectious disease or Hashimoto’s encephalopathy flares: a case report.

W Huang, C Xia, M Chatham

Seizure, 2011 Nov;20(9):717-9.


Steroid-responsive encephalopathy in autoimmune thyroiditis: clinical spectrum and MRI observations in three cases

K Dinkar, Sanjib Sinha, AB Taly, PS Bindu, RD Bharath

Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology: 2011  – Volume : 14  –  Issue : 3, pp. 205-207

Full Text:;year=2011;volume=14;issue=3;spage=205;epage=207;aulast=Dinkar

Central nervous system vasculitis with positive antithyroid antibodies in an adolescent boy.

Sarah L Tsai, Evan C Lewis, Erick Sell, Sharon Whiting

Pediatr Neurol. 2011 Sep ;45 (3):189-92


Spontaneous Remission of Encephalopathy Associated with Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in a Patient with Graves’ Disease: A Rare Occurrence in a Rare Clinical Picture

Y Elfaki, D O’Shea, and G Tamagno

Int J Endocrinol Metab. September 2011;9(4):373-6.

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Non-convulsive status epilepticus of frontal origin as the first manifestation of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy.

G Monti, M Pugnaghi, A Ariatti, L Mirandola, G Giovannini, S Scacchetti, P Nichelli, S Meletti

Epileptic Disord. 2011 Sep;13(3):253-8.

Abstract / Full Text Available Free:

Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: Systematic Review of the Literature and an Additional Case

Narriane Chaves P. de Holanda, M.D.; Denise Dantas de Lima, M.D.; Taciana Borges Cavalcanti, M.D.; Cynthia Salgado Lucena, M.D.; Francisco Bandeira, M.D., Ph.D.

The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2011;23:384-390.

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Steroid-responsive encephalopathy and autoimmune thyroiditis in a young boy.

SD Shah, H Murali

Pediatr Neurol. 2011 Aug;45(2):132-4.


Steroid-responsive Hashimoto encephalopathy mimicking Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Santoro D, Colombo I, Ghione I, Peverelli L, Bresolin N, Sciacco M, Prelle A.

Neurol Sci. – Aug 2011 – Vol. 32, Issue 4, pp. 719-22


A Methodology for Assessing Treatment Response in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: A Case Study Demonstrating Repeated Computerized Neuropsychological Testing

Brian L. Brooks, PhD, Karen M. Barlow, MB, ChB, MRCPCH

Journal of Child Neurology June 2011 vol. 26 no. 6 786-791



Recurrent Hashimoto’s encephalopathy, showing spontaneous remission: a case report.

L Li, Zheng FP, Wang G, Li H.

Intern Med. 2011;50(12):1309-12. Epub 2011 Jun 15.

Abstract / Full Text Available Free:

Why the confusion in Hashimoto’s encephalopathy?

Bodiabaduge AP Jayasekera, Michael Anthony McShane, Prem Roy,and Geetha Anand
BMJ Case Rep. 2011; 2011: bcr0320114020. Published online 2011 June 16.
Full text at:


Progressive impairment of cognition and motor function: Hashimoto encephalopathy

Peter Tzakas and Sze Wan Sit

CMAJ. 2011 May 17; 183(8): E495–E497

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Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: a long-lasting remission induced by intravenous immunoglobulins.

Drulović J, Andrejević S, Bonaci-Nikolić B, Mijailović V.

Vojnosanit Pregl. 2011 May; Volume 68 – Issue 5 – pp. 452-4


A case of Hashimoto encephalopathy: clinical manifestation, imaging, pathology, treatment, and prognosis.

W Zhao, J Li, J Wang, Y Guo, H Tuo, Z Kang, B Jiang, R Wang, D Wang

Can J Neurol Sci. 2011 May ; 38 (3):404-10


Tremor and Myoclonus Heralding Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy

K. Gücüyener , A. Serdaroğlu, A. Bideci, Y. Yazman, A.S. Soysal, P. Cinaz

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, April 2011, Vol. 13, Issue 8, 1137-1141 (originally published 2000; updated)

First page:

Steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) or Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: a case and review.

SW Lee, S. Donlon, JP Caplan.

Psychosomatics. 2011 Mar-Apr; Volume 52 – Issue 2 – pp. 99-108.


Time for the endocrinologists to expand their awareness of and contribution to the diagnosis and management of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease.

G Tamagno, G Gaoatswe

Hormones (Athens). 2011 Jan-Mar;10(1):36-8.

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Hashimoto’s encephalopathy

Joana Ramalho, and Mauricio Castillo

Radiology Case Reports (Online) 2011;6:445 (January 2011)

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Presenile dementia: a case of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy.

CS Chong, JL Leung, IH Wong, PW Ng, MY Miao

East Asian Arch Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;21(1):32-6.

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Hashimoto’s encephalopathy in the setting of subclinical hypothyroidism

Vasile M Bota, Dominic F Corrigan

International Journal of Case Reports and Images, 2011 – Volume 2 – Issue 4 – pp. 19-22

Full Text:

More precise definition of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease

Itai Berger

Acta Paedriactica: Volume 100, Issue 1, pages 5–6, January 2011 (Reader’s Forum)

By subscription or purchase only:

Manic Symptoms Associated With Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: Response to Corticosteroid Treatment

Shuai-Ting Lin, Cheng-Sheng Chen, Pinchen Yang, Cheng-Chung Chen

The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2011;23:E20-E21 (Letter).

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Articles on Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Published in 2010

Successful response to intravenous immunoglobulin as rescue therapy in a patient with Hashimoto’s encephalopathy.

R. Cornejo, P Venegas, D Goñi, A Salas, and C Romero

BMJ Case Rep. 2010 Dec 29

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Paediatric Hashimoto encephalopathy, refractory epilepsy and immunoglobulin treatment – unusual case report and review of the literature

Berger I, Castiel Y, Dor T.

Acta Paediatr. 2010 Dec,  99(12):1903-5.


A series report of autoimmune hypothyroidism associated with Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: an under diagnosed clinical entity with good prognosis.

HK Nayak, MK Daga, R Kumar, SK Garg, N Kumar, PK Mohanty PK

BMJ Case Rep. 2010 Nov 23;2010. pii: bcr0120102630.


Hashimoto encephalopathy: clinical and MRI improvement following high-dose corticosteroid therapy.

T Chang, MT Riffsy, PS Gunaratne

Neurologist. 2010 Nov;16(6):394-6.



Hashimoto’s encephalopathy presenting with neurocognitive symptoms: a case report

Carlos Canelo-Aybar, David Loja-Oropeza, Jose Cuadra-Urteaga and Franco Romani-Romani

Journal of Medical Case Reports 2010, 4:337  (October 25, 2010)

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Autoimmune dementia: clinical course and predictors of immunotherapy response

Eoin P. Flanagan, MBBCh, Andrew McKeon, MBBCh, Vanda A. Leonnon, MD, PhD, Bradley F. Boeve, MD, Max R. Trenerry, PhD, K. Meng Tan, MD, Daniel A. Drubach, MD, Keith A. Josephs, MD, Jeffrey W. Britton, MD, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, PhD, Val Lowe, MD, Joseph E. Parisi, MD, and Sean J. Pittock, MD.

Mayo Clin Proc. 2010 October; Volume 85 , Issue 10 pp. 881–897

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Electrophysiological tests in a case of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy

S Shibayama, A Igaki, M Kuroda, M Honnda, S Fujii, Y Wada, K Inuzumi, M Takeda, M Koshiba

Rinsho Byori. 2010 Oct;58(10):986-9.



Hashimoto encephalopathy with fulminant myocarditis.

M Podberezin, MN Meriggioli, A Locante, A Voros, T Valyi-Nagy, A Kajdacsy-Balla

Pathol Res Pract. 2010 Oct 15;206(10):720-2.



Clinical Reasoning: A 9-year-old girl with seizures and encephalopathy

Thy P. Nguyen and Lisa M. El-Hakam

Neurology. 2010 June 1; 74(22): e97–e100

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Steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis presenting with late onset depression.

FA Babtain

Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2010 Jul;15(3):196-9.



Steroid-responsive myeloneuropathy associated with antithyroid antibodies

J Spinal Cord Med. 2010 June – Volume 33, Issue 3, pp. 278–280.

Recai Turkoglu, MD and Erdem Tuzun, MD

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Steroid responsive encephalopathy in cerebral amyloid angiopathy: a case report and review of evidence for immunosuppressive treatment

Raoul P Kloppenborg, Edo Richard, Marieke ES Sprengers, Dirk Troost, Piet Eikelenboom and Paul J Nederkoorn

Journal of Neuroinflammation: 2010  –Volume 7, p. 18

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Encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease in patients with Graves’ disease: clinical manifestations, follow-up, and outcomes

Gianluca Tamagno, Yahya Celik, Rafael Simó, Marcel Dihné, Kazumi Kimura, Giorgio Gelosa, Byung I Lee, Caroline Hommet and Giovanni Murialdo

BMC Neurology: 2010 – 10:27

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Hashimoto encephalopathy in a preschool girl.

M. Castro-Gago, C. Gómez-Lado, M. Maneiro-Freire, J. Eirís-Puñal, M. Bravo-Mata

Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Feb;42(2):143-6.


Undetected Hashimoto encephalopathy–a diagnostic challenge in child psychiatry and child neurology.

R Voll

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2010 Jan;38(1):21-7. (German)


Clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria and therapy of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: report of two cases.

Mijajlovic M, Mirkovic M, Dackovic J, Zidverc-Trajkovic, J, Sternic N.

J. Neurol Sci: 2010 January 15; 288(1-2):194-6.


You can find additional links to scientific articles and case reports published between 2000 and 2013 by clicking here.





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